Waiting room in which coat rack, chairs and a toilet have to be placed.
In the treatment room the floor has to be washable, so do the walls which have to be panelled up to 1.50m.
- The guest chair should be comfortable and with an arm-rest.
- The chair of the chiropodist: it is recommended to use a rolling swivel chair the height of which can be adjusted.
We can also use a pedicure stool or a pedicure footrest foal, or a chair with footrest that can be sterilized and has an adjustable height. The footrest can be separated as well, the chiropodist has to be situated lower. Support the foot at the height of the ankle, if it is possible. Modern chair for the treatment.
- foot soaking basin: it has to be cleaned and sterilized easily e.g. rustproof or plastic. It can be portable, built-in or laid lower (rustproof or tiled). Soaking foot massage equipment.
- Desktop and rack for the appliances: It can be fixed or rollable on wheels with a coating that can be sterilized.
- Sanitizing basin,
- Locker case for clean textiles,
- Lidded linen bin,
- Dust-bin with a lid,
- Cold and hot water,
- A separate tap for the mop water with a backflow valve,
- General and local lighting (adjustable, controllable or maybe with a magnifying glass),
- First-aid outfit,
- Slippers for the guests (disposable or which can be sterilized).
Process of foot diagnosis, role of the guest card:
We have to check whether there is no disqualifying reason for the treatment. We check this by inquiry and surveying. E.g. diabetes, vasoconstriction, varicose vein, fever, specific infectious disease (TBC, AIDS).
We examine the foot of the guest orthopaedically, e. g. if there is flat feet, bunion or hammer-toe, then we examine it dermatologically, too. We check whether callus, corn, skin fungus, nail deformities can be found on the foot.
Guest card: in addition to name, address and phone number it has to be registered if the guest has: cardiovascular system diseases, blood-pressure disorders, diabetes, epilepsy, hemophilia or some allergy. Based on this information we should decide whether the required treatment can be made or some other service should be offered instead. It is also required to record the type and date of treatment made on the guest!
Tools of pedicure include manual, machine-made, and combined ones.
When using machine-made treatment we work on dry skin (without soaking), (generally with W 220 electric machines) applying local skin-softening agents. This method is less prevalent because of two reasons: loss of the „sense of treatment” for the guest and because these machines are quite expensive. Combined method is more common during which some parts of the manual treatment are made with machines or are simplified.
The process of manual foot care is as follows (of course, we may diverge from this depending on the foot of the guest).
- Soaking: in a pleasant warm water that has the quality of drinking water. Before soaking we coat the foot with Clarasept liquid soap and put it into water only after the time of effect expires. The aim of soaking is to soften and sterilize the skin. Its duration time is 15-20 minutes on normal (smooth, rare and loose) skin. In case of sweaty, glassy, dry or cracked skin it is sufficient to soak for only half or one-third of this duration. We should begin work on the less-problematic foot so that the sicker foot can soak for a longer time. After soaking we dry the foot with a soft, hygroscopic, not fluffy textile towel.
- Treatment of the foot skin: during work it is required to spray the foot every now and then in order to keep the foot skin soft and to sterilize it. The disinfectant takes its effect during drying so we should never wipe it off. After deciding what treatment is to be made we have to begin with removing the callus and corn if necessary (as long as it begins bleeding, if it is not inflamed). We should touch the spread and thickness of calluses before removing them.
The required order is the following:
- the edge of big toe (I. toe)
- back of toes: Calluses from the back of toes should be removed by peeling. We have to choose the most suitable tool for use to be able to get at the part which has to be cut out. We should keep the tool away from ourselves while peeling.
- space between the toes (tools for the above-mentioned: round lens, oval lens, medium- sized grafting- knife, large grafting-knife, little corn-knife, cuticle shears).
- sole: we peel off the skin as long as it is soft and smooth. It is important to wet by spraying as mentioned above (its tool: sole knife).
- heel: calluses are generally the thickest here. We treat it similarly to that of the sole. Pay attention to form, smooth and nicely bent surface (in order not to tear stocking) (its tools: heel knife, oval lens, large grafting-knife).
- treatment of nails
Characteristics of foot skin:
From the aspect of pedicuring there are two groups of skin types:
1. Smooth, rare, loose skin which can be treated easily,
2. Sweaty and glassy skin that is difficult to treat.
1. The easily treatable smooth, rare and loose skin has a yellowy-coloured callus. After soaking for enough time, for about 15 minutes, it can be easily removed with a good quality pedicure knife. After treatment it preserves its colour and the base can be felt by touch.
2. Skin types that are difficult to treat require special attention from the pedicurist.
Sweaty skin: the colour of callus is greyish. The duration of soaking is up to 5 minutes as the skin can „soak through” and become „ragged” easily, so the bumpy skin can only be pedicured by stretching it well. During work the skin gets dry quickly so it is required to moisten it continuously.
Glassy skin: the skin is very thin and pink-coloured, it has a greyish callus, it gets dry in a very short period. The knife scratches and easily slides on it, therefore it is required to pay attention to the support.
Dry and cracked: It peels off almost by itself. It requires constant moistening. It often occurs in those who suffer from diabetes.